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Audivolv - int


32-bit standard twos-complement integer.

Most computers have these details built into their CPUs and can do this type
of math faster than any other math (sometimes only takes 1 CPU cycle).

What is 32-bit twos-complement?
    Value is in range -2^31 to 2^31-1.
    The most-significant-bit is called the sign-bit,
        and is 1 if the integer is negative, or 0 if the integer is 0 or positive.
    The other 31 bits are a standard base-2 positional number,
        relative to 0 or -2^31 depending on the sign-bit.
    Example: 32 1s are the integer -1.
    Example: 32 0s are the integer 0.
    Example: 1 then 31 0s are -2^31.
    Example: 0 then 31 1s are 2^31-1.
    
Java also has a 64-bit twos-complement integer called "long".
Java's 32-bit version of that is "int", 16-bit version is "short",
and the 8-bit version is "byte" (ranging -128 to 127).

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